Home » How To: Formatting Exams for Respondus.

How To: Formatting Exams for Respondus.

Multiple Choice Questions

Each question must begin with a question number, followed by a period “.”

Example:

3.

The question wording must follow the question number. (Note: at least one space should be between the question number and the question wording.)

Example:

3. Who determined the exact speed of light?

Each answer choice (distractor) must begin with a letter (A-Z) followed by a period “.”

For questions being imported to an Exam file, correct answers can be indicated in two ways. First, you may place an asterisk (*) directly in front of the answer choice (do not put a space between the asterisk and the answer choice).

Example:

3. Who determined the exact speed of light?

a. Albert Einstein

*b. Albert Michelson

c. Thomas Edison

d. Guglielmo Marconi


True/False Questions


The process of importing a “true and false” question is similar to that used for importing multiple choice questions (see above). Both of the following examples are valid ways to format a true and false question for importing purposes.

Example:

3. Albert Michelson determined the exact speed of light?

*a. True

b. False

Example:

3. Albert Michelson determined the exact speed of light?

*a. T

b. F

It’s important to note that the “True” (or “T”) answer choice must be listed above the “False” (or “F”) answer choice in order for Respondus to recognize it as a true and false question type. (If “False” appears first in the list, the question will be imported as a “multiple choice” question.)

Paragraph Questions (Open-Ended/Essay)


The logic for importing paragraph questions (also known as “essay” or “open-ended” questions) is similar to what is described above for multiple choice questions. The primary difference is that the first line of formatting must begin with “Type: E”. This is followed by the question number and the question wording.

Example:

Type: E

4. How is the Michelson-Morely experiment related to Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity?

If you are importing a paragraph question into an Exam file, you can supply an answer two different ways. First, you may provide an answer immediately after the question wording, in which the answer begins with “a.” or “a)” (without the quotes).

Example:

Type: E

4. How is the Michelson-Morely experiment related to Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity?

a. In 1887, Albert Michelson and Edward Morely carried out experiments to detect the change in speed of light due to ether wind when the Earth moved around the sun. The result was negative. They found the speed of light is always the same regardless of Earth’s motion around the sun. Scientists were puzzled with this negative result, and they didn’t know how to explain it. Albert Einstein came up with the answer in his famous second postulate in theory of relativity: that the speed of light (in vacuum) is always constant and absolute, regardless of its source’s motion and observer’s movement.

NOTE: You may also begin the question with “Type: P” instead of “Type: E”.

Short Answer Questions


To import a Short Answer question, the first line of formatting must begin with “Type: S”. This is followed by the “Title” (which is optional), the question number, and the question wording.

Example:

Type: S

5. Who is known as the “father of television”?

Respondus allows you to import only one correct answer per question, but it does permit you to enter multiple forms of that answer.

Example:

Type: S

5. Who is known as the “father of television”?

a. Zworykin

b. Vladimir Zworykin

c. Vladimir Kosma Zworykin


Multiple Response Questions

The logic for importing multiple response questions is similar to what is described above for importing multiple choice questions. The primary difference is that the first line of the formatting must begin with “Type: MR”. This is followed by the question number, and the question wording. Correct answers are designated with an asterisk.

Example:

Type: MR

3. Which of the following individuals are credited with determining the exact speed of light?

a. Albert Einstein

*b. Albert Michelson

c. Thomas Edison

*d. Edward Williams Morley


Matching Questions

The first line of formatting must begin with “Type: MT”. Each answer (which consists of both portions of a correct match) must begin with a letter (a-z) followed by a period “.” The two parts of the match must be separated with an “=” symbol and there should not be any hard returns or blank lines.

Example:

Type: MT

4. Match the correct name to the discovery or theory.

a. Michelson-Morely = Speed of light

b. Einstein = Theory of Relativity

c. Marconi = radio waves

For questions with more possible answers than statements, use the following formatting:

Example:

Type: MT

4. Match the correct name to the discovery or theory.

a. Michelson-Morely = Speed of light

b. Einstein = Theory of Relativity

c. Marconi = radio waves

d. = possible answer 4

e. = possible answer 5

Each matching question MUST have AT LEAST 3 complete matches to be recognized in Moodle. Therefore, matching questions like the following will not be accepted by Moodle:

Example:

Type: MT

4. Match the correct name to the discovery or theory.

a. Michelson-Morely = Speed of light

b. Einstein = Theory of Relativity

c. = radio waves

d. = possible answer 4

e. = possible answer 5


Using Images in Questions


Images embedded in MS Word files will import automatically. However, it is possible to import images with rich-text or txt files using an alternate method. First, be sure that the images in gif, jpg, or jpeg format and are contained in a separate folder. Then place the following tag at each place where an image should appear: [ img: “filename.jpg” ] . The word “filename.jpg” should be replaced with the actual file name.

Example:

3. The interferometer, shown here [img: “interferometer.jpg”], was used by which of the following scientists.

a. Albert Einstein

*b. Albert Michelson

c. Thomas Edison

d. Vladimir Zworykin

To include alternative text for ADA-compliant screen readers, place the desired text in a second set of quotes immediately following the quotes that contain the file name: [ img: “interferometer.jpg” “Picture of an interferometer” ].

All images that are being imported must be placed in a single folder. During the import process, the location of the image folder must be specified in the first step. After the import is complete, the images will appear inline with the question text.

Using HTML in Questions


It is possible to import blocks of HTML so that they are treated by Respondus as HTML rather than standard text. This is accomplished by placing the tag [HTML] immediately before the block of HTML and another tag [/HTML] immediately after the block of HTML. So, for example, if you imported the following line of text:

[HTML] <a href=”http://www.respondus.com”>CLICK HERE</a> [/HTML] to download Respondus.

it would appear as follows:

CLICK HERE to download Respondus.

Of course, keep in mind that HTML will have variable results if you print the exam from Respondus rather than using it exclusively for online examinations.