Home » Info: Glossary of Online Terms

Info: Glossary of Online Terms

Glossary of Online Terms

Action learning: Learning that involves research, data gathering, observation, or participation on the part of the learner in which new knowledge is gained from real-life situations.

Andragogy: Adult learning theory that considers the background, goals, expectations, needs, and ability of those in a learning situation.

Asynchronous: Describes actions that student take, which do not occur within a formalized class time, including the completion of assignments, in a flexible response time and style.

Authentic assignments: Assignments given to students that assess their skills for applying learning and knowledge in real-world or simulated settings.

Authentication: The verification of an online user’s identity.

Blended learning: Instructional techniques combining traditional face-to-face classroom experiences with online learning; also known as hybrid learning.

Blocks: Sections on the left and right side of a Moodle course that allow the participants to access Moodle features such as Activities, Latest News, Upcoming Events, etc.  These are not tied to any specific topic or week and may be customized for each course. 

Blog: (web log) A website containing regular posts by an individual such as news posts, commentary, or online diary-type entries.  These posts can include text, graphics, video, or links to Web sites, and typically gives the reader the ability to comment.    

Browser: Software needed to access, view, and interact with information on the Internet (e.g., Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator, Safari, Mozilla Firefox, and Google Chrome).

Chat: Real-time, synchronous method of conducting class that allows students and instructors to exchange simultaneous remarks.

Collaboration: Occurs when a group of students works together to produce a single product or response.

Delivery system: Means by which instruction is provided to learners (e.g., instructor-led, computer-based, web-based, self-instructional materials).

Discussion board: Communication tool used for asynchronous activities involving questions and responses, comments, or announcements that are accessible to all; also known as forum or message board.

Download: File transfer from an external source to a user’s computer.

Feedback: Information that confirms, affirms, or corrects an action.

Firewall: Specialized hardware or software designed to secure computers from unauthorized access.

Forum: Location on a learning management system (LMS) with a submission form that allows persons to post and reply to messages that are accessible to all; also known as discussion board or message board.

Hybrid classes: Classes that combine instruction through online tools and face-to-face meetings; also known as blended classes.

Instructor-led training (ILT): Classes guided by instructors, often including lectures or interactive workshops; typically used in traditional classrooms.

Instructional design: Prepared method, material, and delivery system for course content presentation.

Internet: Global communication system involving a series of networks that exchange information.

Learning management system (LMS): Platform (e.g., Moodle, WebCT, Blackboard, IntraLearn) supporting online courses that features bulletin boards for student use; often include a help center, a real-time chat feature, e-mail, facilities for file uploading, testing capability, grading and grade books, discussion boards, and areas for announcements.

Link (i.e., Hyperlink): Reference in an online document that can be followed by clicking the blue font target.

Log in: Method by which an individual accesses a computer system using a form of identification (i.e., user name) and password.

Message board: Online discussion site; also known as discussion board or forum.

Module: Found in the center column of a Moodle course, each contains all activities for its respective lesson or week. 

Netiquette: Internet behavioral protocol used when chatting, posting messages, and using e-mail for communication

Online courses: General term for coursework completed outside the traditional classroom and managed online.

Portal: The Web site where a Moodle course can be found.  Example: http://training.learninghouse.com

Post: As a noun, a message or document published on a class site; as a verb, the act of publishing the document or response on the class site.

Search engine: Information retrieval system for finding documents or information on the Internet (e.g., Google, Yahoo, Dogpile, Bing).

Synchronous: Describes a communication system such as a chat for an online course that allows sending and receiving information with no time delay, thus allowing all participants to respond in real time

Thread: Set of online posts linked by subject; typically published in an asynchronous manner.

Upload: File transfer from a user’s computer to an external target.

Virtual classroom: Online environment that allows options for synchronous interaction (e.g., Adobe Connect, Amvonet, Wimba), often including such features as Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and chat; offers the ability to share PowerPoint presentations, demonstrate computer applications, and conduct polls.

Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP): Product that allows audio Internet communication using a microphone and headset.

Web-assist courses: Courses primarily taught in conventional classrooms that also include limited online content.

Web cam: Camera connected to a computer allowing online visual presentation.